SISFO STISI Telkom (SISITI)

Apa Itu E-Learning

 

E-learning merupakan suatu teknologi informasi yang realtif baru di Indonesia. E-learning terdiri dari dua bagian, yaitu ‘e’ yang merupakan singkatan dari ‘elektronic’ dan ‘learning’ yang berarti ‘pembelajaran’. Jadi e-learning berarti pembelajaran dengan menggunakan jasa bantuan perangkat elektronika, khususnya perangkat komputer.

 

Karena itu, maka e-learning sering disebut pula dengan ‘online course’. Dalam berbagai literatur, e-learning didefinisikan sebagai berikut :

 
E-learning is a generic term for all technologically supported learning using an array of teaching and learning tools as phone bridging, audio and videotapes, teleconferencing, satellite transmissions, and the more recognized web-based training or computer aided instruction also commonly referred to as (Soekartawi, 2003)
Dengan demikian maka e-learning atau pembelajaran melalui online adalah pembelajaran yang pelaksaanya didukung oleh jasa teknologi seperti telepon, audio, videotape, transmisi satelit atau komputer.
Dalam perkembanganya, komputer dipakai sebagai alat bantu pembelajaran, karena itu dikenal dengan istilah (CBL) atau computer assisted learning (CAL). Saat pertama kali komputer mulai diperkenalkan khususnya untuk pembelajaran, maka komputer menjadi popular dikalangan anak didik. Hal ini dapat dimengerti karena berbagai variasi teknik mengajar bisa dibuat dengan bantuan kompter tersebut. Maka setelah itu teknologi pembelajaran terus berkembang dan dikelompokan menjadi dua yaitu :
–  Technology-based learning
–  Technology-based Web-learning
Technology based-learning ini pada prinsipnya terdiri dari dua, yaitu audio (audio tape, radio, voice mail, telepone ) an video information technologies (video tape, nideo text, video messaging). Sedangkan technology based web-learning pada dasarnya adalah data information tecbnologies (bulletin board, internet, email, tele-collaboration).
Dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran sehari-hari, yang sering dijumpai adalah kombinasi dari teknologi yang dituliskan di atas (audio/data, video/data, audio/video). Teknologi ini juga sering dipakai pada pendidikan jarak jauh, dimaksudkan agar komunikasi antara murid dan guru bisa terjadi dengan keunggulan teknologi e-learning ini. Sedangkan interaksi antara guru dan murid bisa dilaksanakan melalui cara langsung (synchronous) atau tidak langsung, misalnya pesan direkam dahulu sebelum digunakan. Cara ini dikenal dengan nama e-synchronous.

 

Sumber : http://url.stisitelkom.ac.id/66796

Referensi Bencmark Web Institusi Pendidikkan

Aplikasi Repository

Scimago Institution Ranking SIR 2011

Scimago Institution Ranking SIR 2011

 

The current report involves the third release of our annual series Scimago Institutions Rankings World Reports, that based on quantitative data of citation and publication shows bibliometric indicators that unveil some of the main dimensions of research performance of worldwide research-devoted institutions. As in former editions, SIR World Report 2011 aims at becoming an evaluation framework of research performance to Worldwide Research Organizations.

The report shows six indicators that will help users evaluate the scientific impact, thematic
specialization, output size and international collaboration networks of the institutions.
The period analyzed in the current edition covers 2005-09. The tables include institutions having published at least 100 scientific documents of any type, that is, articles, reviews, short reviews, letters, conference papers, etc., during the year 2009 as collected by worldwide leader scientific database Scopus by Elsevier. The report encompasses Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) as well as other research-focused organizations from different sizes, with different missions and from countries in the five continents. Institutions are grouped into five Institutional Sectors: Higher Education, Health System, Government Agencies, Corporations and Others.

To elaborate this report, we carry out the challenging task of identifying and disambiguating all the institutions through an overwhelming number of scientific articles, reviews and conference papers contained in Scopus. The task, which is carried out by a mix of computer and human means, comprises the identification and gathering of institution’s affiliation variants under a unique identifiable form as well as the classification into institutional sectors.
SIR World Reports 2011 is the most comprehensive ranking of Worldwide Research Institutions.

Following the goal of embracing every institution around the world with significative scientific
output, the ranking now includes 3,042 institutions that together are responsible for more than 80% of worldwide scientific output during the term 2005-09 as indexed in Elsevier’s Scopus database.

The intended target audience of SIR World Report 2011 is formed by policymakers, research
managers, researchers, media and general public interested in finding out about research
performance of worldwide Institutions.

Scimago Institution Ranking SIR 2011

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